Born in 1860 in Toulouse. His father was a carpenter. The mother was of Italian origin. Marten persuaded his father to allow him to become an artist. He began his studies in 1877 at the School of Fine Arts in Toulouse. In 1879, Martin moved to Paris, where, thanks to his knowledge, he was able to continue his studies in the studio of Jean-Paul Laurence. Four years later he received his first medal at the Paris Salon, where, three years later, in 1886, he held his first exhibition. A year after receiving his first medal, Martin was awarded a scholarship to travel to Italy, where he studied the works of old masters, such as Giotto and Masaccio.
In Italy, he developed his own style, calling it "divisionism" (separate brush strokes). The work in this style of 1889, presented to them at the Paris Salon, brought him the Gold Medal, but the criticism defined the work as pointillism.
Since 1900, he lived in Kersey, and later moved to Labastide du Vert. The Lo region became the center of his inspiration. Henri Martin created a series of paintings, the most completed and finished, inspired by the landscapes of the south of France and carried away by searching for new light solutions.
Although the work of Martin as a neo-Impressionist is not considered fundamental, his works have been used successfully and have become part of the world classics of Neo-Impressionism and Symbolism.
In Labastide du Vert Martin lived most of his life and died in 1943.
Most of his works are exhibited in the museum of the city of Cahors (formerly the building of bishops), which is named after him.
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