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John French Sloan (August 2, 1871, Lok Haven, Pennsylvania - September 7, 1951, Hanover, New Hampshire) is an American impressionist painter.

At first he showed himself as a graphic artist, working as an illustrator and cartoonist in one of the magazines of his native state. Parallel in the evening he studied at the Pennsylvania School of Fine Arts in Philadelphia. Under the influence of the work of his teacher, the artist Robert Henry, Sloan switches to oil painting. The painting of Edward Manet, and then Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse becomes the model for Sloan’s work.

In 1904, the artist moved to New York, settled in Manhattan, and in a few years - among artists Greenwich Village. In 1906, he began teaching at the New York School of Arts. Among his students are George Wesley Bellows, Edward Hopper, the youngest son of Sholem Aleichem, artist Norman Reiben.

The theme of John Sloan's paintings was the daily life of the New York metropolis; one of the examples of his work is the picture "Three o'clock in the morning". He created almost exclusively figurative painting. The second wife of John Sloan was Helen Farr Sloan, an American philanthropist, teacher and artist. She passed many works of John Sloan to the Delaware Art Museum.